Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a more severe form of acid reflux, heartburn or acid indigestion. Acid reflux occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (a muscle at the bottom of the throat) opens spontaneously or does not close properly and stomach contents rise into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation.
Occasional acid reflux is common and does not necessarily mean one has GERD. More persistent reflux (occurring more than twice a week) is considered GERD, and it can eventually lead to more serious health problems.
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