Posted - March 24, 2011

Bariatric Surgery Offers Improved Glucose Control Over Diet Alone

Weight loss surgery, particularly bariatric surgery, has been shown to improve blood glucose levels in about 80 percent of people. Nowadays, a new indicator has been revealed as to the reasoning why this type of weight loss surgery is perhaps more powerful in managing blood sugar level than dietary changes alone.

Better glucose control is one benefit resulting from considerable weight loss after weight loss surgery, such as bariatric surgery. But what is noteworthy is that study researchers reported improvements in glycemic (Type 2) management and control prior to weight loss from surgery. This, researchers suggest, indicates that there are other factors in the mix.

Science Translational Medicine published the study, which reported that Type 2 obese diabetic patients who have undergone gastric bypass weight loss surgery measured having reduced levels of certain amino acids; particularly branched-chain amino acids, aromatic amino acids (phenylalanine), and tyrosine when contrasted with another group of Type 2 diabetics who lost weight through only dietary means.

Notably, the research study highlights that greater blood glucose control in the group who had gastric bypass was associated with a reduced level of the previously mentioned amino acids. Further, these amino acids (branched chain) are tell-tale biomarkers in the treatment of diabetics. This study was also solidified in that an earlier heart study, conducted independently by the Harvard/Broad Institute, reported that these same amino acids function as biomarkers for treating Type 2 diabetes.